Daily Archives: January 22, 2023

We learn history not in order to know how to behave or how to succeed, but to know who we are. —Leszek Kołakowski, “The Idolatry of Politics”, U.S. Jefferson Lecture speech (1986)

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Pan Tadeusz

Litwo! Ojczyzno moja! ty jesteś jak zdrowie; Ile cię trzeba cenić, ten tylko się dowie, Kto cię stracił. Dziś piękność twą w całej ozdobie Widzę i opisuję, bo tęsknię po tobie. Panno święta, co Jasnej bronisz Częstochowy I w Ostrej … Continue reading

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Wikipedia: As an important centre of trade, commerce, and culture, Grodno was a notable royal city and was also one of the royal residences and political centers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Old and New Castles were often visited by the Commonwealth monarchs including famous Stephen … Continue reading

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The Wilno/Vilnius nomenclature really looks different when you read Lietuvos-Sovietų Sąjungos savitarpio pagalbos sutartis as Okupacja krajów bałtyckich. This is not a new concept, of course, but it’s odd to have looked at it from the one side for years … Continue reading

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